Political Systems in the Balkans (taught in english)
The modern Balkan states have faces many similar challenges since their foundation. They can consequently be viewed as a subsystem in international relations, and it is difficult to understand many aspects of Greek politics without taking into consideration the framework of the wider geographic region. The common traits are maybe more easily discernable in their early phase of development when they had common challenges related to the introduction of Western European models of government and irredentist foreign policies. During the interwar period Greece tried to consolidate its position, but was faced with the twin challenge of a revisionist Bulgaria and the difficulties related to the rise of authoritarian regimes in Europe. WWII marks another round of challenges to the territorial division of the Balkans that ultimately did not change the prewar status. With the advent of Communism the Balkans were divided within the Cold War framework. The bipolar regime was the overriding structure, but with variations because of the fluctuation in bilateral relations, first of all in the relationship with Turkey. After 1990 we encounter a new attempt to unite the Balkans as a periphery of the EU. In this new climate of cooperation it is important to be aware of the peculiarities of the area and their significance for further developments. Finally, the background and consequences of Yugoslavia’s demise will receive its due attention. General Competences Retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies Make decisions Work autonomously Work in an international context Work in an interdisciplinary team Be critical and self-critical Advance free, creative and causative thinking
The student becomes acquainted with general issues related to Balkan political history from the early 19th century until the present within a comparative framework that takes into consideration general international political developments as well as Balkan particularities.
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus) Θάνος Bερέµης, Bαλκάνια – από τον 19ο ως τον 21ο αιώνα, ∆όµηση και αποδόµηση κρατών, Πατάκης, Αθήνα 2004. Θάνος Bερέµης, Bαλκάνια - από το διπολισµό στη νέα εποχή, Γνώση, Aθήνα 1995. Zωρζ Kαστελάν, H ιστορία των Bαλκανίων, Γκοβόστης, Aθήνα 1991. Σωτήρης Bαλντέν, H Eλλάδα στα Bαλκάνια και τον κόσµο 1995-2003, Θεµέλιο, Aθήνα 2004. Mark Mazower, Τα Βαλκάνια, Εκδόσεις Πατάκη, Αθήνα 2002 Λευτέρης Σ. Σταυριανός, Τα Βαλκάνια από το 1453 και μετά, Βάνιας, Θεσσαλονίκη 2007