The course examines the political history of 20th-century Greece focusing on the following thematic areas:
1. The modernization of the Greek state and the last phase of National Unification, 1909-1922:
– The military coup of 1909, the social and political reforms of Venizelos government 1911-1914.
– The Balkan Wars, Greece in the First World War, the territorial extension, the crisis of national unification, the “National Schism” between Venizelists and Anti-Venizelists, the Greek – Ottoman War and the “Asia Minor disaster”.
2. The inter-war period and the “new” society, 1922-1940:
– The reconstruction of the State, the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), the New Lands and the Asia Minor refugees; national integration and social differentiation, the industrialisation and the Land reform.
– The Second Hellenic Republic, the crisis of the parliamentary system, Venizelism and Anti-Venizelism (Royalists and Republicans), the army interventions and the restoration of Monarchy. The Metaxas dictatorship.
3. Greece in the Second World Nar and the Greek Civil War, 1940-1949:
– Italian attack and the German invasion in Greece 1940-1941.
– The occupation of Greece by the Axis Powers.
– The Resistance phenomenon: the organization of mass resistance.
– Social rupture and political inversion: from the Liberation to the Civil War, the December fighting (1944), the Varkiza Agreement (1945).
4. From the end of the Civil War to the military dictatorship, 1949-1974:
– The political system and the political forces: The “controlled/incomplete democracy”, the parties system, the Parliament, the army, the Crown and the foreigner factor.
– The postwar society and economy: the economic reconstruction, rural depopulation and immigration, the unequal postwar prosperity.
– Dictatorship (the military junta), 1967-1974.