The course surveys the history of the modern Greek state during the 19th century, focusing on the following thematic areas:
1. The birth of the Greek state, 1821-1832
– The national liberation movement: the political, ideological and organizational characteristics.
– The Greek War of Independence: the space, people, politics, the war, the modern political institutions, civil war, diplomacy, the social and political demands of the revolution.
– The initial attempts of State – Building: the Governor Capo d́’Istria, the society and economy, the opposition, the civil war.
2. The foundation of State, 1833-1909
a) The Bavarian Monarchy, 1833-1862
– The absolute Monarchy, the constitutional Monarchy. The administrative bureaucracy the legislation, the centralism, the society and the economy, the social and policy elites.
– The political parties and the political clientelism. The movement of 3rd September 1843. The Constitution and the establishment of parliamentarism.
– The Protective Powers and the Greek Kingdom. The “Great Idea” and the irredentism. The liberal movement of 1862.
b) The establishment of a parliamentary regime, 1864-1881:
– The liberal Constitution of 1864. The organisation of public administration, the creation of new political parties, the function of parliamentarism, the Land reform (1871), the political crisis (1864-1875). The imposition of the “principle of parliamentarism” (1875).
– The British policy in Greece and the Greek foreign policy. The territorial expansion, the consequences of the Heptanese and Thessaly and the Epirotan province of Arta.
c) Economic development and political modernization, 1881-1909:
– The rapid economic growth, the program of public borrowing in the international capital market, the investments and the policy of expensive public works. The “Agrarian Question”.
– The rationalisation of public administration and of the state, the two – party political system and the consolidation of parliamentarism.
– Economic and political crisis. The Greek public debt (1893), the Greek foreign policy and the Greek – Ottoman War of 1897, the International Financial Committee, the social crisis and the crisis of political legitimacy.