The course examines the process of state – building in modern Greece from the foundation of the modern Greek state until the end of interwar years. The course consists of three parts. In the first part are examined: a) the efforts of Bavarian Monarchy to control the population, to impose the law and the order, and to establish a centralized state• b) the resistances – but also the adaptations – of local societies and local centers of power in the government owned centralization. In the second part is examined the reign of King Georg I, during which is extended the national territory, is achieved the economic growth, are strengthened the liberal political institutions and incorporated local elites in the political system. The third part refers to the interwar years. It is examined the interventionist role of the Greek state in the rearrangement of economy and society with the incorporation of new lands and the assimilation of refugees, the emergence of mass politics and class parties and the intense political and social conflict. In this context, the course will present and attempt to interpret: a) the social and economic reforms that are realized between 1830 and 1940 (land reform, tax reform, educational reform)• b) the history of parliamentarism and his connection with the clientelism and, c), the relation between the parliamentary democracy and the authoritarianism in the period of Interwar.
As a result of their educational experience students are expected to be able: - To understand the process of nation state formation in Greece from the national liberation movement to the interwar years - To identify and criticize different interpretations of the formation of a modern nation state in Greece - To produce historical arguments based on primary sources and the historical method explaining political events and developments, their causes, effects and long-term repercussions. To examine specific historical episodes in their complexity and contingency